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are required to work on exposed electrical equipment,
use insulated tools and a nonmetallic flashlight.
Methods of resuscitating or reviving an electrical
shock victim include artificial ventilation (to
reestablish breathing) and cardiopulmonary
resuscitation (to reestablish heartbeat and blood
When a victim is rendered unconscious by
electrical shock, and the victim is no longer breathing,
you should start artificial ventilation as soon as
Artificial Ventilation
possible. You should also check the victim's pulse,
since electrical shock may also cause the heart to stop.
A person who has stopped breathing is not
necessarily dead, but is in immediate critical danger.
The person nearest the victim should start
Life depends on oxygen that is breathed into the lungs
artificial ventilation without delay and call or send
and then carried by the blood to every body cell. Since
others for assistance and medical aid. The only
body cells cannot store oxygen, and since the blood
logical permissible delay is that time required to
can hold only a limited amount (and only for a short
free the victim from contact with the electricity in
time), death will surely result from continued lack of
the quickest, safest way. This step must be done
with great care, otherwise there may be two victims
The heart may continue to beat and the blood may
instead of one. If contact is with a portable electric
still be circulated to the body cells for some time after
tool, light, appliance, equipment, or portable
breathing has stopped. Since the blood will, for a short
extension cord, turn off the bulkhead supply switch
time, contain a small supply of oxygen, the body cells
or remove the plug from its bulkhead receptacle. If
will not die immediately. Thus, for a very few minutes,
the switch or bulkhead receptacle cannot be quickly
there is some chance that the person's life may be
located, the suspected electric device may be pulled
saved. A person who has stopped breathing, but who
free of the victim by grasping the insulated flexible
is still alive, is said to be in a state of respiratory
cable to the device and carefully withdrawing it
failure. The first-aid treatment for respiratory failure
clear of its contact with the victim. Other persons
is called artificial ventilation/respiration.
arriving on the scene must be clearly warned not to
The purpose of artificial ventilation is to provide
touch the suspected equipment until it is unplugged.
a method of air exchange until natural breathing is
Aid should be enlisted to unplug the device as soon
reestablished. Artificial ventilation should be given
as possible.
only when natural breathing has stopped; it must NOT
be given to any person who is still breathing. Do not
Where a victim is in contact with stationary
assume that breathing has stopped merely because a
equipment, such as a bus bar or electrical connections,
person is unconscious or because a person has been
pull the victim free if the equipment cannot be quickly
rescued from an electrical shock. Remember, DO
de-energized or if the ship's operations or survival
prevent immediate securing of the circuits. To save
time in pulling the victim free, improvise a protective
There are two methods of administering artificial
insulation for the rescuer. For example, instead of
ventilation: mouth-to-mouth and mouth-to-nose.
hunting for a pair of rubber gloves to use in grasping
For additional information on performing
the victim, you can safely pull the victim free (if
artificial ventilation, refer to Standard First Aid
conditions are dry) by grasping the victim's slack
Training Course, NAVEDTRA 10081-D.
clothing, leather shoes, or by using your belt. Instead
of trying to locate a rubber mat to stand on, use
Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation
nonconducting materials, such as deck linoleum, a
pillow, a blanket, a mattress, dry wood, or a coil of
When there is a complete stoppage of heart
rope. At no time during the rescue should any part of
function, the victim has suffered a cardiac arrest. The
your body directly touch the hull, metal structure,
signs include the absence of a pulse, because the heart
is not beating, and the absence of breathing. In this
furniture, or victim's skin.

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